The 2030 Agenda in Germany

The 2030 Agenda is the framework for international cooperation and serves as the policy guideline for German development cooperation (DC). Every country is called upon in equal measure to adjust its national development strategy and objectives to the requirements of the 2030 Agenda and to put these into practice.

For the Federal Republic of Germany, the 2030 Agenda is the guiding compass for all policy fields.

BMZ together with the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU ) represent the German Government at international level with regard to implementation of the 2030 Agenda, e.g. in international bodies. The Federal Chancellery is responsible for national coordination.

Implementation of the 2030 Agenda by Germany rests on three pillars:

  • Implementation in and with partner countries
  • Implementation in the context of international organizations
  • Implementation in Germany


Fact sheet German implementation on three levels

Fact sheet German Sustainable Development Strategy

Implementation in Germany

Germany’s National Sustainable Development Strategy provides the key framework for implementing the 2030 Agenda in Germany. The latest version of the German National Sustainable Development Strategy (DNS) entered into force in January 2017 and has been updated in 2018. The DNS was updated in November 2018 and a further update is planned for 2020. It is aligned with the 17 goals of the 2030 Agenda and serves to translate the global SDGs into national objectives. The DNS reflects the commitment of the German Government to an ambitious implementation of the 2030 Agenda in its entirety.

The focus is on giving equal consideration to the three dimensions of sustainable development – social, environmental and economic – and on adopting an international perspective. The DNS refers to Germany’s national and international contributions to the global achievement of the SDGs in response to growing global responsibility. German civil society (German) takes an ambivalent view of the objectives set by the German Government.

The DNS defines implementation measures for the achievement of all 17 SDGs in, through and with Germany. It also relates in many ways to development cooperation, with 12 of the 66 indicators being relevant for DC, and clearly states that DC plays a major role in implementing the 2030 Agenda.

Successful implementation of the 2030 Agenda calls for sustainability partnerships that combine the joint efforts of all actors. The Federal Chancellery has the lead responsibility for the DNS and its revision. In addition to the most important institutions of the German sustainability architecture, all government departments, national and international experts as well as German civil society were involved in the revision process. Academia and the research community are also important drivers for implementation of the 2030 Agenda because they provide the scientific basis for improving sustainable development. Beyond this, intensifying dialogue with partners in the private sector and supporting business actors encourages them to jointly assume greater responsibility for sustainable development. In this process, new incentives and forms of cooperation are created to step up private sector involvement.

Implementation in an with partner countries

The international community agrees that each country bears responsibility for defining its contributions to the global achievement of objectives in light of national policies. Apart from implementation in Germany, the German Government’s priority is to provide the best possible support to partner countries in connection with their transformation processes. In so doing, the German Government is guided by the international values and goals of the 2030 Agenda: sustainability, shared responsibility for the world and the well-being of all people.


To support partner countries in assuming responsibility for the implementation of their development goals, in 2016 BMZ launched the 2030 Agenda initiative, which is currently being realised by GIZ through 29 measures in 26 partner countries and 3 regional organisations (as of 2019). The initiative operates in three key areas: (1) designing policies (national development strategies and sustainable architecture), (2) mobilising financial resources, and (3) strengthening review mechanisms.


The following project examples show how the initiative is supporting individual countries:


The president’s office in Mexico is receiving advice on the development of a sustainability architecture and the creation of a roadmap as well as a plan for the implementation of the 2030 Agenda. As part of this, civil society, academia and the private sector are also involved within the framework of the multi-stakeholder approach.


In Brazil, the framework conditions for green investments are being improved and additional financial funds of over 1 billion USD are being released as a result. The Ministry of Finance will provide advice on the improvement of framework conditions for green financial markets and the Central Bank during the implementation of regulations for the management of social and environmental risks.


In Myanmar, the capacities for statistical data collection and evidence-based policy-making are being expanded as a necessary condition for implementing the 2030 Agenda.


German DC enables the initiative to gather valuable experience in implementing the 2030 Agenda making crucial lessons learnt available to other measures.

Fact sheet 2030 Agenda Implementation Initiative

BMZ Flagship Report “A sustainable path to the future – The 2030 Implementation Initiative”



Besides the initiative, there are a series of other bilateral and global projects that work explicitly on implementing the 2030 Agenda in partner countries.

The international Partners for Review network, for example, supports partner countries in connection with their reporting and national implementation.

You will find other examples under ‘Our topics’ (Governance and Conflict; Economy & Social Development, Employment; and Climate chaange, Rural Development and Infrastructure) and 'Principles'.

Implementation in the context of international organisations

The German Government has entered into international commitments to actively support implementation of the 2030 Agenda following its adoption. Germany is therefore committed at international level to accountability as a fundamental principle, to a robust review mechanism and to strengthening the High-level Political Forum (HLPF) as the key institution for reviewing achievement of the 2030 Agenda. To this end, representatives of the German Government and civil society presented the first German voluntary national review to the HLPF in 2016.

Moreover, Germany engages itself internationally for academia to play a stronger role and to anchor the 2030 Agenda in multilateral fora such as the G20, the UN, the EU and development banks. The EU should implement the 2030 Agenda both in its external relations and in those internal policies which also have global impacts. Under the German G20 Presidency, the regional focus on Africa is one of several important initiatives to further strengthen the G20’s sustainable approach in the context of the 2030 Agenda.

Fact sheet 2030 Agenda and G20

Factsheet 2030 Implementation of the 2030 Agenda by the EU

Other German federal ministries

The 2030 Agenda is also one of the top priorities for other German federal ministries and constitutes an important framework for action.

From the perspective of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi), sustainability-policy considerations and objectives, together with correspondingly coherent policies, will play an increasingly important role. BMWi is planning to set up a joint platform with the private sector and to step up dialogue on the SDGs.

Beyond this, the German Federal Ministry of Finance (BMF) also helps implement the 2030 Agenda by focusing on national implementation. It does this by safeguarding sound public finances as a basis for durable economic growth, environmental protection and climate change mitigation, as well as a future-ready and equitable social system. At global level, BMF takes part in shaping international processes and is a member of various international bodies.

The German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) attaches great important to the 2030 Agenda and the SDGs. Its main focus is on the role played by academia/the research community for the SDGs, especially with regard to the monitoring and evaluation of the SDG indicators.

Next to BMZ, the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) is one of the lead ministries for implementation of the 2030 Agenda, and intends to mainstream the SDGs to a greater extent in its work. BMU actively supports implementation of and accountability for the 2030 Agenda in multinational and supranational forums.

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