To achieve sustainable development, every country needs to develop or change. Consumer behaviour, production and climate change not only have an impact in a given country, they trigger global changes. The 2030 Agenda therefore applies universally to all countries of the world – developing countries, emerging economies and industrialised nations alike. Everyone is called on in equal measure to question the impact of their own actions on global issues, such as illegal arms trading, illegal financial flows, human trafficking, pollution of the oceans and climate change, and to seek solutions at both the national and the international, global level and implement these solutions within partnerships. Each country bears responsibility for defining its contributions to achievement of the 2030 Agenda in light of national policies and conditions, and for defining its global commitment. Governments are called on to outline a national strategy for implementation of the 2030 Agenda in the national context, including national priorities, and to enter into global partnerships for implementation (SDG 17). National implementation strategies are also the main focus of German support. Creating links with national implementation strategies therefore features strongly in the working aids on producing brief assessments and conducting appraisals.

Various measures under the BMZ initiative for implementation of the 2030 Agenda provide explicit advice on devising national strategies.For example, the president’s office in Mexico is receiving advice on the development of a sustainability architecture and the creation of a roadmap as well as a plan for the implementation of the 2030 Agenda. As part of this, civil society, academia and the private sector are also involved within the framework of the multi-stakeholder approach.

What has to be borne in mind? Key questions:
  • To what extent do national or international policies and practices have a negative effect on sustainable development in a given country, a neighbouring country or at global level?
  • What policies, processes and activities reinforce negative effects or prevent the elimination of negative effects, or support positive changes? What measures need to be taken to reduce these negative effects?
  • What international/multinational/ national/civil-society agendas/MSPs/ platforms/initiatives are in place and might help to solve the global sustainability problem in the individual country?
  • What possibilities/financial scope exists for participation?
  • What does the country/the region need in order to assume responsibility for development goals? Does it need funds or other resources, structures or capacities (which DC can use as entry points)?
  • What capacities and experience already exist as regards the mobilisation of public and private funds?
  • What contribution can municipalities make to mobilise these funds? What benefit do municipalities derive from considerations on ‘how to localise SDGs’?
  • To what extent can leverage be exerted at sectoral level and/or for pro-poor expenditure of the available funds?
  • Are national development strategies underpinned by financing strategies, and are these included in the national budget?
  • Is a national 2030 Agenda financing strategy in place? Does this national financing strategy cover all of the potential sources of finance in the country (domestic income, private funds, debt management, etc.)?
  • Are reform measures planned in the area of public finance, in particular for the mobilisation of the country’s own income? What are these measures?
  • What political priorities guide the actions of the partner country/partner region?
  • Have the goals of the 2030 Agenda (SDGs) been prioritised in the country context?
Helpful tools and approaches

Careful preliminary screening of the topics environment, climate change, human rights, conflict and context sensitivity and gender (GIZ Safeguards+Gender management system) with in-depth screening in the relevant sectors may help to identify the key problem areas that have negative cross-border effects on sustainable development and to identify relevant key actors and possible approaches.

Examples from the field

By organising high-level dialogue forums, bilateral expert groups, think tank workshops and international and regional conferences and studies, the project on Strategic environmental dialogues (supraregional, global) promotes an exchange on the necessary conditions and perspectives for environmentally friendly, socially compatible and low-carbon economic development.Together with the partner countries, conditions should be further developed for sustainable production and consumption patterns and for green growth that conserve natural resources, give consideration to social aspects and sever the link between resource consumption and economic growth.

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